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ISSN  2096-3955

CN  10-1502/P

Citation: YongPing Wang, GaoPeng Lu, Ming Ma, HongBo Zhang, YanFeng Fan, GuoJin Liu, ZheRun Wan, Yu Wang, Kang-Ming Peng, ChangZhi Peng, FeiFan Liu, BaoYou Zhu, BinBin Ni, XuDong Gu, Long Chen, Juan Yi, RuoXian Zhou, 2019: Triangulation of red sprites observed above a mesoscale convective system in North China, Earth and Planetary Physics, 3, 111-125.

2019, 3(2): 111-125. doi: 10.26464/epp2019015


Triangulation of red sprites observed above a mesoscale convective system in North China


University of Science and Technology of China, School of Earth and Space Science, Hefei 230026, China


Key Laboratory of Middle Atmosphere and Global Environment Observation (LAGEO), Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100029, China


Collaborative Innovation Center on Forecast and Evaluation of Meteorological Disasters, Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology, Nanjing 210044, China


State Key Laboratory of Numerical Modeling for Atmospheric Sciences and Geophysical Fluid Dynamics (LASG), Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100029, China


State Key Laboratory of Severe Weather, Chinese Academy of Meteorological Sciences, Beijing 100049, China


Wuhan NARI Limited Liability Company, State Grid Electric Power Research Institute, Wuhan 430074, China


Department of Physics, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan 701, China


Department of Space Physics, School of Electronic Information, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072, China

Corresponding author: GaoPeng Lu,

Received Date: 2019-01-13
Web Publishing Date: 2019-03-25

The triangulation of red sprites was obtained, based on concurrent observations over a mesoscale convective system (MCS) in North China from two stations separated by about 450 km. In addition, broadband sferics from the sprite-producing lightning were measured at five ground stations, making it possible to locate and identify the individual causative lightning discharges for different elements in this dancing sprite event. The results of our analyses indicate that the sprites were produced above the trailing stratiform region of the MCS, and their parent strokes were located mainly in the peripheral area of the stratiform. The lateral offset between sprites and causative strokes ranges from a few km to more than 50 km. In a particularly bright sprite, with a distinct halo feature and streamers descending down to an altitude of approximately 48 km, the sprite current signal identified in the electric sferic, measured at a range of about 1,110 km, peaked at approximately 1 ms after the return stroke.

Key words: sprite, triangulation, peak current, hybrid location

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Triangulation of red sprites observed above a mesoscale convective system in North China

YongPing Wang, GaoPeng Lu, Ming Ma, HongBo Zhang, YanFeng Fan, GuoJin Liu, ZheRun Wan, Yu Wang, Kang-Ming Peng, ChangZhi Peng, FeiFan Liu, BaoYou Zhu, BinBin Ni, XuDong Gu, Long Chen, Juan Yi, RuoXian Zhou