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地球与行星物理

ISSN  2096-3955

CN  10-1502/P

Citation: ZhiKun Ren, ZhuQi Zhang, PeiZhen Zhang, 2018: Different earthquake patterns for two neighboring fault segments within the Haiyuan Fault zone, Earth and Planetary Physics, 2, 67-73. doi: 10.26464/epp2018006

2018, 2(1): 67-73. doi: 10.26464/epp2018006

SOLID EARTH: TECTONOPHYSICS

Different earthquake patterns for two neighboring fault segments within the Haiyuan Fault zone

1. 

State Key Laboratory of Earthquake Dynamics, Institute of Geology, China Earthquake Administration, Beijing 100029, China

2. 

Key Laboratory of Active Tectonics and Volcanos, Institute of Geology,China Earthquake Administration, Beijing 100029, China

3. 

School of Earth Science and Geological Engineering, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China

Corresponding author: ZhiKun Ren, rzk@ies.ac.cn; Lzkren@gmail.com

Received Date: 2017-10-11
Web Publishing Date: 2018-01-01

Characteristic slip and characteristic earthquake models have been proposed for several decades. Such models have been supported recently by high-resolution offset measurements. These models suggest that slip along a fault recurs via similarly sized, large earthquakes. The inter-event strain accumulation rate (ratio of earthquake slip and preceding interseismic time period) is used here to test the characteristic earthquake model by linking the slip and timing of past earthquakes on the Haiyuan Fault. We address how the inter-event strain accumulation rate varies over multiple seismic cycles by combining paleoearthquake studies with high-resolution airborne light detection and ranging (LiDAR) data to document the timing and size of paleoearthquake displacements along the western and middle segments of the Haiyuan Fault. Our observations encompass 5 earthquake cycles. We find significant variations over time and space along the Haiyuan Fault. We observe that on the middle segment of the Haiyuan Fault the rates slow down or increase as an anti-correlated function of the rates of preceding earthquakes. Here, we propose that the inter-event strain accumulation rates on the middle segment of the Haiyuan Fault are oscillating both spatially and temporally. However, along the western segment, the inter-event strain accumulation rate is both spatially and temporally steady, which is in agreement with quasi-periodic and slip-predictable models. Finally, we propose that different fault segments within a single fault zone may behave according to different earthquake models.

Key words: Haiyuan Fault, LiDAR, inter-event strain accumulation rates variation, earthquake model

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Different earthquake patterns for two neighboring fault segments within the Haiyuan Fault zone

ZhiKun Ren, ZhuQi Zhang, PeiZhen Zhang