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地球与行星物理

ISSN  2096-3955

CN  10-1502/P

Citation: Zhi Wei, LianFeng Zhao, XiaoBi Xie, JinLai Hao, ZhenXing Yao, 2018: Seismic characteristics of the 15 February 2013 bolide explosion in Chelyabinsk, Russia, Earth and Planetary Physics. doi: 10.26464/epp2018039

doi: 10.26464/epp2018039

Seismic characteristics of the 15 February 2013 bolide explosion in Chelyabinsk, Russia

1. 

Key Laboratory of Earth and Planetary Physics, Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100029, China

2. 

University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100029, China

3. 

Institute of Geophysics and Planetary Physics, University of California at Santa Cruz, California, USA

Corresponding author: LianFeng Zhao, zhaolf@mail.iggcas.ac.cn

Received Date: 2018-07-10
Web Publishing Date: 2018-10-01

The seismological characteristics of the 15 February 2013 Chelyabinsk bolide explosion are investigated based on seismograms recorded at 50 stations with epicentral distances ranging from 229 to 4324 km. By using 8–25 s vertical-component Rayleigh waveforms, we obtain a surface-wave magnitude of 4.17±0.31 for this event. According to the relationship among the Rayleigh-wave magnitude, burst height and explosive yield, the explosion yield is estimated to be 686 kt. Using a single-force source to fit the observed Rayleigh waveforms, we obtain a single force of 1.03×1012 N, which is equivalent to the impact from the shock wave generated by the bolide explosion.

Key words: Rayleigh-wave magnitude, Yield estimation, focal mechanism, the 15 February 2013 Chelyabinsk bolide

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Seismic characteristics of the 15 February 2013 bolide explosion in Chelyabinsk, Russia

Zhi Wei, LianFeng Zhao, XiaoBi Xie, JinLai Hao, ZhenXing Yao