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EPP

地球与行星物理

ISSN  2096-3955

CN  10-1502/P

Citation: LiBo Liu, WeiXing Wan, 2018: Chinese ionospheric investigations in 2016–2017, Earth and Planetary Physics, , 89-111. doi: 10.26464/epp2018011

2018, (2): 89-111. doi: 10.26464/epp2018011

SPACE PHYSICS: IONOSPHERE PHYSICS

Chinese ionospheric investigations in 2016–2017

1. 

Key Laboratory of Earth and Planetary Physics, Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100029, China

2. 

Institutions of Earth Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100029, China

3. 

Beijing National Observatory of Space Environment, Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100029, China

4. 

College of Earth and Planetary Sciences, University of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China

Corresponding author: LiBo Liu, liul@mail.iggcas.ac.cn

Received Date: 2018-02-11
Web Publishing Date: 2018-03-01

After the release of the previous report to the Committee on Space Research (COSPAR) on progress achieved by Chinese scientists in ionospheric researches (Liu LB and Wan WX, 2016), in the recent two years (2016–2017) many interesting new investigations into various ionospheric related issues have been completed. In this report, about 100 publications are summarized. The topics highlighted are as follows: Ionospheric space weather, ionospheric dynamics, ionospheric climatology and modelling, ionospheric irregularity and scintillation, Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) related ionospheric issues and other techniques, and radio wave propagation in the ionosphere. An outstanding feature is that more and more observations from the Meridional Project supported the ionospheric investigations.

Key words: ionosphere; ionospheric storm; space weather; ionospheric dynamics; irregularity

Chen, G., Wu, C., Zhang, S. D., Ning, B. Q., Huang, X. Q., Zhong, D. K., Qi, H., Wang, J., and Huang, L. (2016a). Midlatitude ionospheric responses to the 2013 SSW under high solar activity. J. Geophys. Res. Space Phys., 121(1), 790-803. https://doi.org/10.1002/2015JA021980 doi: 10.1002/2015JA021980

Chen, G., Cui, X., Chen, F. L., Zhao, Z. Y., Wang, Y., Yao, Q., Wang, C., Lu, D. R., Zhang, S. D., … Gong, W. L. (2016b). MST Radars of Chinese Meridian Project: system description and atmospheric wind measurement. IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., 54(8), 4513-4523. https://doi.org/10.1109/TGRS.2016.2543507 doi: 10.1109/TGRS.2016.2543507

Chen, G., Wang, J., Wu, C., Huang, X. Q., Zhong, D. K., Qi, H., Huang, L., and Li, Y. X. (2016c). Multisite remote sensing for tsunami-induced waves. IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., 54(12), 7177-7184. https://doi.org/10.1109/TGRS.2016.2597165 doi: 10.1109/TGRS.2016.2597165

Chen, G., Jin, H., Yan, J. Y., Zhang, S. D., Li, G. Z., Yokoyama, T., Yang, G T., Yan, C. X., Wu, C., … Wang, Z. H. (2017a). Low-latitude daytime F region irregularities observed in two geomagnetically quiet days by the Hainan coherent scatter phased array radar (HCOPAR). J. Geophys. Res. Space Phys., 122(2), 2645-2654. https://doi.org/10.1002/2016JA023628 doi: 10.1002/2016JA023628

Chen, G., Jin, H., Yan, J. Y., Cui, X., Zhang, S. D., Yan, C. X., Yang, G. T., Lan, A. L., Gong, W. L., … Wang, J. (2017b) Hainan Coherent Scatter Phased Array Radar (HCOPAR): system design and ionospheric irregularity observations. IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., 55(8), 4757-4765. https://doi.org/10.1109/TGRS.2017.2699280 doi: 10.1109/TGRS.2017.2699280

Chen, X. T., Lei, J. H., Wang, W. B., Burns, A. G., Luan, X. L., and Dou, X. K. (2016). A numerical study of nighttime ionospheric variations in the American sector during 28-29 October 2003. J. Geophys. Res. Space Phys., 121(9), 8985-8994. https://doi.org/10.1002/2016JA023091 doi: 10.1002/2016JA023091

Chen, Y. D., Liu, L. B., Le, H. J., Wan, W. X., and Zhang, H. (2016a). Equatorial ionization anomaly in the low-latitude topside ionosphere: Local time evolution and longitudinal difference. J. Geophys. Res. Space Phys., 121(7), 7166-7182. https://doi.org/10.1002/2016JA022394 doi: 10.1002/2016JA022394

Chen, Y. D., Liu, L. B., Le, H. J., Wan, W. X., and Zhang, H. (2016b). The global distribution of the dusk-to-nighttime enhancement of summer NmF2 at solar minimum. J. Geophys. Res. Space Phys., 121(8), 7914-7922. https://doi.org/10.1002/2016JA022670 doi: 10.1002/2016JA022670

Chen, Y. D., Liu, L. B., Le, H. J., Wan, W. X., and Zhang, H. (2017). The effect of zonal wind reversal around sunset on ionospheric interhemispheric asymmetry at March equinox of a solar maximum year 2000. J. Geophys. Res. Space Phys., 122(4), 4726-4735. https://doi.org/10.1002/2017JA023874 doi: 10.1002/2017JA023874

Chen, Z., Wang J. S., Deng, X. H., Deng, Y., Huang, C. M., Li, H. M., and Wu, Z. X. (2017a). Study on the relationship between the residual 27 day quasiperiodicity and ionospheric Q disturbances. J. Geophys. Res. Space Phys., 122(2), 2542-2550. https://doi.org/10.1002/2016JA023195 doi: 10.1002/2016JA023195

Chen, Z., Wang, J. S., Deng, Y., and Huang, C. M. (2017b). Extraction of the geomagnetic activity effect from TEC data: A comparison between the spectral whitening method and 28 day running median. J. Geophys. Res. Space Phys., 122(3), 3632-3639. https://doi.org/10.1002/2016JA023412 doi: 10.1002/2016JA023412

Cui, X., Chen, G., Wang, J., Song, H., and Gong, W. L. (2016). Design and application of Wuhan ionospheric oblique backscattering sounding system with the addition of an antenna array (WIOBSS-AA). Sensors, 16(6), 887. https://doi.org/10.3390/s16060887 doi: 10.3390/s16060887

Dang, T., Luan, X. L., Lei, J. H., Dou, X. K., and Wan, W. X. (2016). A numerical study of the interhemispheric asymmetry of the equatorial ionization anomaly in solstice at solar minimum. J. Geophys. Res. Space Phys., 121(9), 9099-9110. https://doi.org/10.1002/2016JA023012 doi: 10.1002/2016JA023012

Dang, T., Wang, W. B., Burns, A., Dou, X. K., Wan, W. X., and Lei, J. H. (2017). Simulations of the ionospheric annual asymmetry: Sun-Earth distance effect. J. Geophys. Res. Space Phys., 122(6), 6727-6736. https://doi.org/10.1002/2017JA024188 doi: 10.1002/2017JA024188

Ding, F., Mao, T., Hu, L. H., Ning, B. Q., Wan, W. X., and Wang, Y. G. (2016). GPS network observation of traveling ionospheric disturbances following the Chelyabinsk meteorite blast. Ann. Geophys., 34(11), 1045-1051. doi: 10.5194/angeo-34-1045-2016

Gong, Y., Zhou, Q. H., and Zhang, S. D. (2016a). A study on electric field mapping from the F region to the E region at Arecibo. J. Geophys. Res. Space Phys., 121(1), 713-718. https://doi.org/10.1002/2015JA022035 doi: 10.1002/2015JA022035

Gong, Y., Zhou, Q. H., Zhang, S. D., Aponte, N., and Sulzer, M. (2016b). An incoherent scatter radar study of the midnight temperature maximum that occurred at Arecibo during a sudden stratospheric warming event in January 2010. J. Geophys. Res. Space Phys., 121(6), 5571-5578. https://doi.org/10.1002/2016JA022439 doi: 10.1002/2016JA022439

Gong, Y., Ma, Z., Li, Y. L., Zhou, Q. H., Zhang, S. D., and Huang, C. M. (2017). The effect of Doppler broadening on D region negative ion ratio measurements at Arecibo. J. Geophys. Res. Space Phys., 122(5), 5816-5824. https://doi.org/10.1002/2016JA023805 doi: 10.1002/2016JA023805

Hao, Y. Q., Huang, J. P., Liu, W. L., Zhang, D. H., and Xiao, Z. (2017). Prompt GPS TEC response to magnetospheric compression. J. Geophys. Res. Space Phys., 122(4), 4357-4366. https://doi.org/10.1002/2017JA023866 doi: 10.1002/2017JA023866

He, F., Zhang, X. X., Wang, W. B., and Chen, B. (2016). Double-peak subauroral ion drifts (DSAIDs). Geophys. Res. Lett., 43(11), 5554-5562. https://doi.org/10.1002/2016GL069133 doi: 10.1002/2016GL069133

He, F., Zhang, X. X., Wang, W. B., and Wan, W. X. (2017). Different evolution patterns of subauroral polarization streams (SAPS) during intense storms and quiet time substorms. Geophysical Research Letters, 44(21), 10796-10804. https://doi.org/10.1002/2017GL075449 doi: 10.1002/2017GL075449

Hu, L. H., Yue, X. A., and Ning, B. Q. (2017). Development of the Beidou Ionospheric Observation Network in China for space weather monitoring. Space Wea., 15(8), 974-984. https://doi.org/10.1002/2017SW001636 doi: 10.1002/2017SW001636

Huang, F. Q., Dou, X. K., Lei, J. H., Lin, J., Ding, F., and Zhong, J. H. (2016). Statistical analysis of nighttime medium-scale traveling ionospheric disturbances using airglow images and GPS observations over central China. J. Geophys. Res. Space Phys., 121(9), 8887-8899. https://doi.org/10.1002/2016JA022760 doi: 10.1002/2016JA022760

Huang, F. Q., Lei, J. H., and Dou, X. K. (2017). Daytime ionospheric longitudinal gradients seen in the observations from a regional BeiDou GEO receiver network. J. Geophys. Res. Space Phys., 122(6), 6552-6561. https://doi.org/10.1002/2017JA023881 doi: 10.1002/2017JA023881

Huang, H., Liu, L. B., Chen, Y. D., Le, H. J., and Wan, W. X. (2016). A global picture of ionospheric slab thickness derived from GIM TEC and COSMIC radio occultation observations. J. Geophys. Res. Space Phys., 121(1), 867-880. https://doi.org/10.1002/2015JA021964 doi: 10.1002/2015JA021964

Jiang, C. H., Yang, G. B., Zhu, P., Nishioka, M., Yokoyama, T., Zhou, C., Song, H., Lan, T., Zhao, Z. Y., and Zhang, Y. N. (2016a). Reconstruction of the vertical electron density profile based on vertical TEC using the simulated annealing algorithm. Adv. Space Res., 57(10), 2167-2176. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.asr.2016.02.020 doi: 10.1016/j.asr.2016.02.020

Jiang, C. H., Deng, C., Yang, G. B., Liu, J., Zhu, P., Yokoyama, T., Song, H., Lan, T., Zhou, C., … Yatini C. Y. (2016b). Latitudinal variation of the specific local time of postmidnight enhancement peaks in F layer electron density at low latitudes: A case study. J. Geophys. Res. Space Phys., 121(4), 3476-3483. https://doi.org/10.1002/2015JA022319 doi: 10.1002/2015JA022319

Jiang, C. H., Yang, G. B., Liu, J., Yokoyama, T., Komolmis, T., Song, H., Lan, T., Zhou, C., Zhang, Y. N., and Zhao, Z. Y. (2016c). Ionosonde observations of daytime spread F at low latitudes. J. Geophys. Res. Space Phys., 121(12), 12093-12103. https://doi.org/10.1002/2016JA023123 doi: 10.1002/2016JA023123

Jiang, C. H., Yang, G. B., Zhou, Y., Zhu, P., Lan, T., Zhao, Z. Y., and Zhang, Y. N. (2017a). Software for scaling and analysis of vertical incidence ionograms-ionoScaler. Adv. Space Res., 59(4), 968-979. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.asr.2016.11.019 doi: 10.1016/j.asr.2016.11.019

Jiang, C. H., Yang, G. B., Liu, J., Yokoyama, T., Liu, T. X., Lan, T., Zhou, C., Zhang, Y. N., Zhao, Z. Y., … Yatini, C. Y. (2017b). Equatorial and low-latitude ionospheric response to the 17-18 March 2015 great storm over Southeast Asia longitude sector. J. Geophys. Res. Space Phys., 122(5), 5756-5767. https://doi.org/10.1002/2017JA024134 doi: 10.1002/2017JA024134

Kuai, J. W., Liu, L. B., Liu, J., Sripathi, S., Zhao, B. Q., Chen, Y. D., Le, H. J., and Hu, L. H. (2016). Effects of disturbed electric fields in the low-latitude and equatorial ionosphere during the 2015 St. Patrick’s Day storm. J. Geophys. Res. Space Phys., 121(9), 9111-9126. https://doi.org/10.1002/2016JA022832 doi: 10.1002/2016JA022832

Kuai, J. W., Liu, L. B., Lei, J. H., Liu, J., Zhao, B. Q., Chen, Y. D., Le, H. J., Wang, Y. G., and Hu, L. H. (2017). Regional differences of the ionospheric response to the July 2012 geomagnetic storm. J. Geophys. Res. Space Phys., 122(4), 4654-4668. https://doi.org/10.1002/2016JA023844 doi: 10.1002/2016JA023844

Le, H. J., Liu, L. B., Ren, Z. P., Chen, Y. D., Zhang, H., and Wan, W. X. (2016a). A modeling study of global ionospheric and thermospheric responses to extreme solar flare. J. Geophys. Res. Space Phys., 121(1), 832-840. https://doi.org/10.1002/2015JA021930 doi: 10.1002/2015JA021930

Le, H. J., Liu, L. B., Ren, Z. P., Hu, L. H., Chen, Y. D., and Wan, W. X. (2016b). An ionospheric assimilation model along a meridian plane. J. Atmos. Solar Terr. Phys., 145, 125-135. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jastp.2016.05.003 doi: 10.1016/j.jastp.2016.05.003

Le, H. J., Yang, N., Liu, L. B., Chen, Y. D., and Zhang, H. (2017). The latitudinal structure of nighttime ionospheric TEC and its empirical orthogonal functions model over North American sector. J. Geophys. Res. Space Phys., 122(1), 963-977. https://doi.org/10.1002/2016JA023361 doi: 10.1002/2016JA023361

Lei, J. H., Wang, W. B., Burns, A. G., Luan, X. L., and Dou, X. K. (2016a). Can atomic oxygen production explain the ionospheric annual asymmetry?. J. Geophys. Res. Space Phys., 121(7), 7238-7244. https://doi.org/10.1002/2016JA022648 doi: 10.1002/2016JA022648

Lei, J. H., Zhong, J. H., Mao, T., Hu, L. H., Yu, T., Luan, X. L., Dou, X. K., Sutton, E., Yue, X. A., … Batista, I. S. (2016b). Contrasting behavior of the F2 peak and the topside ionosphere in response to the 2 October 2013 geomagnetic storm. J. Geophys. Res. Space Phys., 121(10), 10549-10563. https://doi.org/10.1002/2016JA022959 doi: 10.1002/2016JA022959

Li, G. Z., Otsuka, Y., Ning, B. Q., Abdu, M. A., Yamamoto, M., Wan, W. X., Liu, L. B., and Abadi, P. (2016). Enhanced ionospheric plasma bubble generation in more active ITCZ. Geophys. Res. Lett., 43(6), 2389-2395. https://doi.org/10.1002/2016GL068145 doi: 10.1002/2016GL068145

Li, G. Z., Ning, B. Q., Abdu, M. A., Wan, W. X., Wang, C., Yang, G. T., Liu, K. K., Liu, L. B., and Yan, C. X. (2017). First observation of presunset ionospheric F region bottom-type scattering layer. J. Geophys. Res. Space Phys., 122(3), 3788-3797. https://doi.org/10.1002/2016JA023647 doi: 10.1002/2016JA023647

Li, M., Yuan, Y. B., Wang, N. B., Liu, T., and Chen, Y. C. (2017a). Estimation and analysis of the short-term variations of multi-GNSS receiver differential code biases using global ionosphere maps. J. Geodesy. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00190-017-1101-3222

Li, M., Yuan, Y. B., Zhang, B. C., Wang, N. B., Li, Z. S., Liu, X. F., and Zhang, X. (2017b). Determination of the optimized single-layer ionospheric height for electron content measurements over China. J. Geodesy, 92(2), 169-183. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00190-017-1054-6 doi: 10.1007/s00190-017-1054-6

Liu, H. T., Ding, F., Zhao, B. Q., Li, J. Y., Hu, L. H., Wan, W. X., and Ning, B. Q. (2017). Ionospheric response following the Mw 7.8 Gorkha earthquake on 25 April 2015. J. Geophys. Res. Space Phys., 122(6), 6495-6507. https://doi.org/10.1002/2016JA023079 doi: 10.1002/2016JA023079

Liu, J., Jiang, C. H., Deng, C., Yang, G. B., Zhang, X. M., Lou, W. Y., and Yang, C. H. (2016a). Vertical ionosonde net and its data application in southwestern China. Acta Seismol. Sin. (in Chinese), 38(3), 399-407. https://doi.org/10.11939/jass.2016.03.007 doi: 10.11939/jass.2016.03.007

Liu, J., Lou, W. Y., Zhang, X. M., and Shen, X. H. (2016b). A comparison study of foF2 derived from oblique sounding network and vertical ionosonde in Northern China. Terr. Atmos. Ocean Sci., 27(6), 933-941. https://doi.org/10.3319/TAO.2016.03.06.01(AA) doi: 10.3319/TAO.2016.03.06.01(AA)

Liu, J., Zhang, X. M., Novikov, V., and Shen, X. H. (2016c). Variations of ionospheric plasma at different altitudes before the 2005 Sumatra Indonesia Ms 7.2 earthquake. J. Geophys. Res. Space Phys., 121(9), 9179-9187. https://doi.org/10.1002/2016JA022758 doi: 10.1002/2016JA022758

Liu, L. B., and Wan, W. X. (2016). New understanding achieved from 2 years of Chinese ionospheric Investigations. Sci. Bull., 61(7), 524-542. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11434-016-1035-9 doi: 10.1007/s11434-016-1035-9

Luan, X. L., Lei, J. H., Dou, X. K., and Dang, T. (2016). Double crests of peak height in the equatorial ionospheric F2 layer observed by COSMIC. J. Geophys. Res. Space Phys., 121(1), 529-537. https://doi.org/10.1002/2015JA021611 doi: 10.1002/2015JA021611

Ma, Z., Yun, G., Zhang, S. D., Zhou, Q. H., Huang, C. M., Huang, K. M., Yu, Y., Li, G. Z., Ning, Q. Q., and Li, C. (2017). Responses of quasi 2 day waves in the MLT region to the 2013 SSW revealed by a meteor radar chain. Geophys. Res. Lett., 44(18), 9142-9150. https://doi.org/10.1002/2017GL074597 doi: 10.1002/2017GL074597

Ouyang, X. Y., Liu, W. L., Xiao, Z., and Hao, Y. Q. (2016). Observations of ULF waves on the ground and ionospheric Doppler shifts during Storm Sudden Commencement. J. Geophys. Res. Space Phys., 121(4), 2976-2983. https://doi.org/10.1002/2015JA022092. doi: 10.1002/2015JA022092

Priyadarshi, S., Zhang, Q. H., Ma, Y. Z., Wang, Y., and Xing, Z. Y. (2016). Observations and modeling of ionospheric scintillations at South Pole during six X-class solar flares in 2013. J. Geophys. Res. Space Phys., 121(6), 5737-5751. https://doi.org/10.1002/2016JA022833 doi: 10.1002/2016JA022833

Qiao, L., Chen, G., Cui, X., and Gong, W. L. (2017a). Comparison of the traditional ionosonde and the digital ionosonde based on direct digitization. IEEE Geosci. Remote Sens. Lett., 14(2), 198-202. https://doi.org/10.1109/LGRS.2016.2634082 doi: 10.1109/LGRS.2016.2634082

Qiao, L., Chen, G., and Wang, J. (2017b). Design and application of the distributed ionospheric coherent scatter radar. IEEE Geosci. Remote Sens. Lett., 14(11), 2042-2046. https://doi.org/10.1109/LGRS.2017.2749605 doi: 10.1109/LGRS.2017.2749605

Ren, D. X., and Lei, J. H. (2017). A simulation study of the equatorial ionospheric response to the October 2013 geomagnetic storm. J. Geophys. Res. Space Phys., 122(9), 9696-9704. https://doi.org/10.1002/2017JA024286. doi: 10.1002/2017JA024286.

She, C. L., Wan, W. X., Yue, X. A., Xiong, B., Yu, Y., Ding, F., and Zhao B. Q. (2017). Global ionospheric electron density estimation based on multisource TEC data assimilation. GPS Solut., 21(3), 1125-1137. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10291-016-0580-7 doi: 10.1007/s10291-016-0580-7

Shen, X. H., and Zhang, X. M. (2017). The spatial distribution of hydrogen ions at topside ionosphere in local daytime. Terr. Atmos. Ocean. Sci., 28(6), 1009-1017. https://doi.org/10.3319/TAO.2017.06.30.01 doi: 10.3319/TAO.2017.06.30.01

Shen, X. H., Zhima, Z., Zhao, S. F., Qian, G., Ye, Q., and Ruzhin, Y. (2017). VLF radio wave anomalies associated with the 2010 Ms 7.1 Yushu earthquake. Adv. Space Res., 59(10), 2636-2644. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.asr.2017.02.040 doi: 10.1016/j.asr.2017.02.040

Song, Q., Ding, F., Zhang, X. X., and Mao, T. (2017). GPS detection of the ionospheric disturbances over China due to impacts of Typhoons Rammasum and Matmo. J. Geophys. Res. Space Phys., 122(1), 1055-1063. https://doi.org/10.1002/2016JA023449 doi: 10.1002/2016JA023449

Wang, X., Cannon, P., Zhou, C., Honary, F., Ni, B. B., and Zhao, Z. Y. (2016a). A theoretical investigation on the parametric instability excited by X-mode polarized electromagnetic wave at Tromsø. J. Geophys. Res. Space Phys., 121(4), 3578-3591. https://doi.org/10.1002/2016JA022411 doi: 10.1002/2016JA022411

Wang, X., Zhou, C., Liu, M. R., Honary, F., Ni, B. B., and Zhao, Z. Y. (2016b). Parametric instability induced by X-mode wave heating at EISCAT. J. Geophys. Res. Space Phys., 121(10), 10536-10548. https://doi.org/10.1002/2016JA023070 doi: 10.1002/2016JA023070

Wang, Y., Zhang, Q. H., Jayachandran, P. T., Lockwood, M., Zhang, S. R., Moen, J., Xing, Z. Y., Ma, Y. Z., and Lester, M. (2016). A comparison between large-scale irregularities and scintillations in the polar ionosphere. Geophys. Res. Lett., 43(10), 4790-4798. https://doi.org/10.1002/2016GL069230 doi: 10.1002/2016GL069230

Xiong, B., Wan, W. X., Yu, Y., and Hu, L. H. (2016). Investigation of ionospheric TEC over China based on GNSS data. Adv. Space Res., 58(6), 867-877. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.asr.2016.05.033 doi: 10.1016/j.asr.2016.05.033

Xu, X., Zhou, C., Shi, R., Ni, B. B., Zhao, Z. Y., and Zhang, Y. N. (2016). Numerical study of the generation and propagation of ultralow-frequency waves by artificial ionospheric F region modulation at different latitudes. Ann. Geophys., 34(9), 815-829. https://doi.org/10.5194/angeo-34-815-2016 doi: 10.5194/angeo-34-815-2016

Xue, X. H., Li, G. Z., Dou, X. K., Yue, X. A., Yang, G. T., Chen, J. S., Chen, T. D., Ning, B. Q., Wang, J. H., … Wan, W. X. (2017). An overturning-like thermospheric Na layer and its relevance to Ionospheric field aligned irregularity and sporadic E. J. Atmos. Solar Terr. Phys., 162, 151-161. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jastp.2016.12.006 doi: 10.1016/j.jastp.2016.12.006

Yan, X. X., Yu, T., Shan, X. J., and Xia, C. L. (2017). Ionospheric TEC disturbance study over seismically region in China. Adv. Space Res., 60(12), 2822-2835. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.asr.2016.12.004 doi: 10.1016/j.asr.2016.12.004

Yang, C. J., Zhao, B. Q., Zhu, J., Yue, X. A., and Wan, W. X. (2017). An investigation of ionospheric upper transition height variations at low and equatorial latitudes deduced from combined COSMIC and C/NOFS measurements. Adv. Space Res., 60(8), 1617-1628. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.asr.2016.11.024 doi: 10.1016/j.asr.2016.11.024

Yang, N., Le, H. J., and Liu, L. B. (2016). Statistical analysis of the mid-latitude trough position during different categories of magnetic storms and different storm intensities. Earth Planets Space, 68(1), 171. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40623-016-0554-6 doi: 10.1186/s40623-016-0554-6

Yu, B. K., Xue, X. H., Lu, G. P., Ma, M., Dou, X. K., Qie, X. S., Ning, B. Q., Hu, L. H., Wu, J. F., and Chi, Y. T. (2015). Evidence for lightning-associated enhancement of the ionospheric sporadic E layer dependent on lightning stroke energy. J. Geophys. Res. Space Phys., 120(10), 9202-9212. https://doi.org/10.1002/2015JA021575 doi: 10.1002/2015JA021575

Yu, S. M., Xiao, Z., Aa, E., Hao, Y. Q., and Zhang, D. H. (2016a). Observational investigation of the possible correlation between medium-scale TIDs and mid-latitude spread F. Adv. Space Res., 58(3), 349-357. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.asr.2016.05.002 doi: 10.1016/j.asr.2016.05.002

Yu, S. M., Xiao, Z., Zhao, B. Q., Zhang, D. H., and Hao, Y. Q. (2016b). Longitudinal difference in total electron content over the East Asian region: Feature and explanation. J. Atmos. Solar Terr. Phys., 148, 74-81. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jastp.2016.08.015 doi: 10.1016/j.jastp.2016.08.015

Yu, T., Xia, C. L., Zuo, X. M., Huang, C., Mao, T., Liu, L. B., and Liu, Z. Z. (2016). A comparison of mesospheric and low-thermospheric winds measured by Fabry-Perot interferometer and meteor radar over central China. J. Geophys. Res. Space Phys., 121(10), 10037-10051. https://doi.org/10.1002/2016JA022997 doi: 10.1002/2016JA022997

Yu, T., Zuo, X. M., Xia, C. L., Li, M. Y., Huang, C., Mao, T., Zhang, X. X., Zhao, B. Q., and Liu, L. B. (2017). Peak height of OH airglow derived from simultaneous observations a Fabry-Perot interferometer and a meteor radar. J. Geophys. Res. Space Phys., 122(4), 4628-4637. https://doi.org/10.1002/2016JA023743 doi: 10.1002/2016JA023743

Yue, X. A., Schreiner, W. S., Pedatella, N. M., and Kuo, Y. H. (2016a). Characterizing GPS radio occultation loss of lock due to ionospheric weather. Space Wea., 14(4), 285-299. https://doi.org/10.1002/2015SW001340 doi: 10.1002/2015SW001340

Yue, X. A., Wang, W. B., Lei, J. H., Burns, A., Zhang, Y. L., Wan, W. X., Liu, L. B., Hu, L. H., Zhao, B. Q., and Schreiner, W. S. (2016b). Long-lasting negative ionospheric storm effects in low and middle latitudes during the recovery phase of the 17 March 2013 geomagnetic storm. J. Geophys. Res. Space Phys., 121(9), 9234-9249. https://doi.org/10.1002/2016JA022984 doi: 10.1002/2016JA022984

Yue, X. N., Wan, W. X., Liu, L. B., Liu, J., Zhang, S. R., Schreiner, W. S., Zhao, B. Q., and Hu, L. H. (2016). Mapping the conjugate and corotating storm-enhanced density during 17 March 2013 storm through data assimilation. J. Geophys. Res. Space Phys., 121(12), 12202-12210. https://doi.org/10.1002/2016JA023038 doi: 10.1002/2016JA023038

Zhang, B. C., Teunissen, P. J. G., Yuan, Y. B., Zhang, H. X., and Li, M. (2017). Joint estimation of vertical total electron content (VTEC) and satellite differential code biases (SDCBs) using low-cost receivers. J. Geodesy, 92(4), 401-413. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00190-017-1071-5 doi: 10.1007/s00190-017-1071-5

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Zhang, R. L., Liu, L. B., Chen, Y. D., and Le, H. J. (2015). The dawn enhancement of the equatorial ionospheric vertical plasma drift. J. Geophys. Res. Space Phys., 120(12), 10688-10697. https://doi.org/10.1002/2015JA021972 doi: 10.1002/2015JA021972

Zhang, R. L., Liu, L. B., Le, H. J., and Chen, Y. D. (2016). Evidence and effects of the sunrise enhancement of the equatorial vertical plasma drift in the F region ionosphere. J. Geophys. Res. Space Phys., 121(5), 4826-4834. https://doi.org/10.1002/2016JA022491 doi: 10.1002/2016JA022491

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Zhang, X. F., Liu, L. B., and Liu, S. T. (2017). Dependence of thermospheric zonal winds on solar flux, geomagnetic activity, and hemisphere as measured by CHAMP. J. Geophys. Res. Space Phys., 122(8), 8893-8914. https://doi.org/10.1002/2016JA023715 doi: 10.1002/2016JA023715

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Zhao, S. F., Liao, L., and Zhang, X. M. (2017). Trans-ionospheric VLF wave power absorption of terrestrial VLF signal. Chin. J. Geophys. (in Chinese), 60(8), 3004-3014. https://doi.org/10.6038/cjg20170809. doi: 10.6038/cjg20170809

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Chinese ionospheric investigations in 2016–2017

LiBo Liu, WeiXing Wan