Citation: Zong, Q. G., Y. F. Wang, J. Ren, X. Z. Zhou, S. Y. Fu, R. Rankin, H. Zhang (2017), Corotating drift-bounce resonance of plasmaspheric electron with poloidal ULF waves, Earth Planet. Phys., 1, 2-12, doi: 10.26464/epp2017002

2017, 1(1): 2-12. doi: 10.26464/epp2017002

Corotating drift-bounce resonance of plasmaspheric electron with poloidal ULF waves


Institute of Space Physics and Applied Technology, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China


Department of Physics, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada


Physics Department and Geophysical Institute, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, USA

Corresponding author: Qiu-Gang Zong,

Received Date: 2017-02-27
Web Publishing Date: 2017-01-01

The purpose of this paper is to understand how low energy plasmaspheric electrons respond to ULF waves excited by interplanetary shocks impinging on magnetosphere. It is found that both energy and pitch angle dispersed plasmaspheric electrons with energy of a few eV to tens of eV can be generated simultaneously by the interplanetary shock. The subsequent period of successive dispersion signatures is around 40 s and is consistent with the ULF wave period (third harmonic). By tracing back the energy and pitch angle dispersion signatures, the position of the electron injection region is found to be off-equator at around –32° in the southern hemisphere. This can be explained as the result of injected electrons being accelerated by higher harmonic ULF waves (e.g. third harmonic) which carry a larger amplitude electric field off-equator. The dispersion signatures are due to the flux modulations (or accelerations) of " local” plasmaspheric electrons rather than electrons from the ionosphere. With the observed wave-borne large electric field excited by the interplanetary shock impact, the kinetic energy can increase to a maximum of 23 percent in one bouncing cycle for plasmaspheric electrons satisfying the drift-bounce resonance condition by taking account of both the corotating drift and bounce motion of the local plasmaspheric electron.

Key words: drift-bounce resonance, plasmaspheric electron, poloidal mode, ULF wave

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Corotating drift-bounce resonance of plasmaspheric electron with poloidal ULF waves

Qiu-Gang Zong, YongFu Wang, Jie Ren, XuZhi Zhou, SuiYan Fu, Robert Rankin, Hui Zhang