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地球与行星物理

ISSN  2096-3955

CN  10-1502/P

Citation: YaLu Wang, XueMin Zhang, XuHui Shen, 2018: A study on the energetic electron precipitation observed by CSES, Earth and Planetary Physics, 2, 538-547. http://doi.org/10.26464/epp2018052

2018, 2(6): 538-547. doi: 10.26464/epp2018052

SPACE PHYSICS

A study on the energetic electron precipitation observed by CSES

1. 

Institute of Earthquake Forecasting, China Earthquake Administration, Beijing 100036, China

2. 

Institute of Crustal Dynamics, China Earthquake Administration, Beijing 100085, China

Corresponding author: YaLu Wang, wangyalu310@163.comXueMin Zhang, zhangxm96@126.com

Received Date: 2018-08-16
Web Publishing Date: 2018-11-09

High energy particles are the main target of satellite space exploration; particle storm events are closely related to solar activity, cosmic ray distribution, and magnetic storms. The commonly seen energetic particle (electron) precipitation anomalies include mainly the inner and outer Van Allen radiation belts, the South Atlantic Anomaly, and the anomalous stripes excited by artificial electromagnetic waves. The China Seismo-Electromagnetic Satellite (CSES), launched in February of 2018, provides a platform for studying ionospheric particle disturbances. This paper reports the first studies of electron precipitation phenomenon based on high energy particle data from the CSES. We find that the global distribution of electron fluxes in the low energy band (0.1–3 MeV) can relatively well reflect the anomalous precipitation belt, which is consistent with results based on the DEMETER satellite, indicating that the quality of the low-energy band payload of the CSES is good. In addition, this paper makes an in-depth study of the electron precipitation belt excited by the NWC artificial VLF electromagnetic transmitter located in Australia, which appears as a typical wisp structure on the energy spectrum. The magnetic shell parameter L corresponding to the precipitation belt ranges from 1.44 to 1.74, which is close to the L value (~1.45) of the NWC transmitter; the energy of the precipitation electrons is between 100 keV and 361.57 keV, among which the precipitation of 213.73 keV electrons is most conspicuous.

Key words: CSES satellite, VLF, Electron precipitation, DEMETER satellite, L shell.

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A study on the energetic electron precipitation observed by CSES

YaLu Wang, XueMin Zhang, XuHui Shen