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地球与行星物理

ISSN  2096-3955

CN  10-1502/P

Citation: KeLiang Zhang, ShiMing Liang, WeiJun Gan, 2019: Crustal strain rates of southeastern Tibetan Plateau derived from GPS measurements and implications to lithospheric deformation of the Shan-Thai terrane, Earth and Planetary Physics, 3, 45-52. doi: 10.26464/epp2019005

2019, 3(1): 45-52. doi: 10.26464/epp2019005

SOLID EARTH: SEISMOLOGY

Crustal strain rates of southeastern Tibetan Plateau derived from GPS measurements and implications to lithospheric deformation of the Shan-Thai terrane

State Key Laboratory of Earthquake Dynamics, Institute of Geology, China Earthquake Administration, Beijing 100029, China

Corresponding author: KeLiang Zhang, klzhang@ies.ac.cn

Received Date: 2018-10-12
Web Publishing Date: 2019-01-01

The link between the crustal deformation and mantle kinematics in the Tibetan Plateau has been well known thanks to dense GPS measurements and the relatively detailed anisotropy structure of the lithospheric mantle. However, whether the crust deforms coherently with the upper mantle in the Shan-Thai terrane (also known as the Shan-Thai block) remains unclear. In this study, we investigate the deformation patterns through strain rate tensors in the southeastern Tibetan Plateau derived from the latest GPS measurements and find that in the Shan-Thai terrane the upper crust may be coupled with the lower crust and the upper mantle. The GPS-derived strain rate tensors are in agreement with the slipping patterns and rates of major strike-slip faults in the region. The most prominent shear zone, whose shear strain rates are larger than 100×10–9 a–1, is about 1000-km-long in the west, trending northward along Sagaing fault to the Eastern Himalayan Syntaxis in the north, with maximum rate of compressive strain up to –240×10–9 a–1. A secondary shear zone along the Anninghe-Xiaojiang Fault in the east shows segmented shear zones near several conjunctions. While the strain rate along RRF is relatively low due to the low slip rate and low seismicity there, in Lijiang and Tengchong several local shear zones are present under an extensional dominated stress regime that is related to normal faulting earthquakes and volcanism, respectively. Furthermore, by comparing GPS-derived strain rate tensors with earthquake focal mechanisms, we find that 75.8% (100 out of 132) of the earthquake T-axes are consistent with the GPS-derived strain rates. Moreover, we find that the Fast Velocity Direction (FVDs) at three depths beneath the Shan-Thai terrane are consistent with extensional strain rate with gradually increasing angular differences, which are likely resulting from the basal shear forces induced by asthenospheric flow associated with the oblique subduction of the India plate beneath the Shan-Thai terrane. Therefore, in this region the upper crust deformation may be coherent with that of the lower crust and the lithospheric mantle.

Key words: strain rate tensor, GPS measurement, lithospheric deformation, southeastern Tibetan Plateau, Shan-Thai terrane

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Crustal strain rates of southeastern Tibetan Plateau derived from GPS measurements and implications to lithospheric deformation of the Shan-Thai terrane

KeLiang Zhang, ShiMing Liang, WeiJun Gan