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ISSN  2096-3955

CN  10-1502/P

Citation: He, Y. M., Wen, L. X. and Capdeville, Y. (2021). Morphology and possible origins of the Perm anomaly in the lowermost mantle of Earth. Earth Planet. Phys., 5(1), 105–116.

2021, 5(1): 105-116. doi: 10.26464/epp2021009


Morphology and possible origins of the Perm anomaly in the lowermost mantle of Earth


Key Laboratory of Earth and Planetary Physics, Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100029, China


Mohe Observatory of Geophysics, Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100029, China


Laboratory of Seismology and Physics of Earth’s Interior; School of Earth and Space Sciences, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230026, China


Department of Geosciences, State University of New York at Stony Brook, Stony Brook, New York, USA


Laboratoire de Planétologie et Géodynamique de Nantes, UMR6112, CNRS, Université de Nantes, Nantes, France

Corresponding author: YuMei He,

Received Date: 2020-07-14
Web Publishing Date: 2020-12-09

We have constrained a small-scale, dome-shaped low-velocity structure near the core-mantle boundary (CMB) of Earth beneath Perm (the Perm anomaly) using travel-time analysis and three-dimensional (3-D) forward waveform modeling of seismic data sampling of the mantle. The best-fitting dome-shaped model centers at 60.0°E, 50.5°N, and has a height of 400 km and a radius that increases from 200 km at the top to 450 km at the CMB. Its velocity reduction varies from 0% at the top to –3.0% at 240km above the CMB to –3.5% at the CMB. A surrounding 240-km-thick high-velocity D'' structure has also been detected. The Perm anomaly may represent a stable small-scale chemical pile in the lowermost mantle, although the hypothesis of a developing mantle plume cannot be ruled out.

Key words: seismic velocity structure, core-mantle boundary, Perm anomaly, chemical pile

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Morphology and possible origins of the Perm anomaly in the lowermost mantle of Earth

YuMei He, LianXing Wen, Yann Capdeville