Eolian dust preserved in deep-sea sediments of the North Pacific Ocean (NPO) is an important recorder of paleoclimatic and paleoenvironmental changes in the Asian inland. To better understand changes in the dust provenances, in this study diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (DRS) was used to extract the eolian signal recorded in sediments of ODP Hole 885A recovered from the NPO. First, we systematically investigated sieving effects on the DRS data; then band positions of hematite (obtained from the second order derivative curves of the K-M remission function spectrum derived from the DRS) were used to distinguish different provenances of the eolian dust preserved in the pelagic sediments of this hole. Our results show that the sieving (38 μm) process can suppress effectively the experimental errors. Eolian signatures from Chinese Loess Plateau (CLP) sources and non-CLP-sources have been identified in the pelagic sediments of ODP Hole 885A from the late Pliocene to the early Pleistocene. The provenance differences account for the discrepancies in the eolian records recovered from the pelagic sediments in the NPO and profiles in the CLP. Temporal changes in dust provenances are caused by the latitudinal movement of the westerly jet mainstream. The hematite DRS band position is a useful tool to distinguish the provenance of eolian components preserved in pelagic sediments.